INDIA
CULTURAL DIFFERENCES



 
 
 
 

FAMILY
The family is the primary focus for the average Indian employee.  All other tasks in a routine day are tied to the family somehow.  Whether providing food, or perhaps just a small gift, an Indian worker's life revolves around his or her family.  Family also provides connections for jobs and even aids religion in determining social standing.
EDUCATION
The educational level of Indians, as seen in the Statistics section of this website, is very low.  Not many fields of employment in India are very technical, and those that are highly technical employ very few workers.  Those few workers gain the vast majority of the education the Indian government is capable of providing.  The rest of the workers of India must make due by learning on the job, or learning from friends or family members.
ECONOMY
The economy of India is rather poor.  Rather than sitting back and waiting for foreign aid, however, the Indian worker goes out and makes a living with what he or she can.  When the job market is depressed and jobs are unavailable, the poor usually do favors for the wealthy or influential in the hopes that their religious beliefs of kharma will indeed deliver a return for them.
POLITICS
The realm of the rich and powerful, politics is limited to a few very elite families.  The vast majority of India does not have the benefit of running for political office, no matter what the official form of government may be.  To do so without the permission of local politicians is seen as disrespectful, and is usually met with strong reprisals.
RELIGION
Religions, as can be seen in many of the posts on this website, plays an integral part in the everyday life of the Indian worker.  Focusing on the reward in next life, as a result of the good actions in this one, Indians tend to keep religious worship a high priority.
ASSOCIATIONS
India has many association, ranging from local worker's unions to national humans rights and preservationist organizations.  These organizations are heavily populated with the same rich and influential families that the Indian political arena hosts, and thus tend to have very coordinated, efficient, effective efforts and goals on the international scene.
HEALTH
Not much attention is paid to the health of the average Indian.  While health initiatives are in existence, organizations such as the Red Cross have difficulty aiding the mass of people that need medical attention.  The fact that malnutrition is so prevalent also does not help the situation at all.  Without proper nutrition, the same problems occur again after they have already been cured.
RECREATION
Not much time is left for recreation.  What little time can be devoted, though, usually includes religious retreats and family activities.  Games similar to basketball and soccer are prevalent, and are not seen as very competitive activities.  Rather, recreational activities are seen as a reward for hard work and dedication, and are highly respected as such.
VALUE DIMENSIONS
India has changed in many ways over its long existence, but many of its old habbits are still widely-practiced throughout the nation.
The following is what the average Indian accepts according to Hofstede's Value Dimensions as a guide:

1. Power Distance - Authority figures are respected and trusted.  The manager's religious piety in past lives and hard work in the current one are recognized and treated in a very humbling manner.

2. Uncertainty Avoidance - Indians are balanced in this dimension.  While they attempt to influence their next life through the actions of this one, they truly do not know what will happen.  Striving for betterment is certainly an aspect of the average Indian's personality, and as thus, their uncertainty avoidance would be considered high.

3. Collectivism - The average Indian finds peace in groups.  Respect for fellow employees as well as the hope for personal betterment drive workers to work together for a common good.

4. Masculinity - Indians tend to be providers.  Not necessarily for themselves, but for those around them, especially their families.  The ability to provide and nurture others is shown great respect in the Indian culture, and is a measure of a person's social status in a community.


 
 
SOURCES
http://www.subcontinent.com/sapra/regional/regional.html