Motivation is quite an easy task for Indian managers.
Being a haughty people who are used to hard work and long hours, morale
stays high. When morale does occasionally dip, though, religious
activities, family time as well as rewards for improved performance are
all highly valued motivational tools.
As discussed in other areas of this website, Indian leadership
is "Top-Down" in nature. The manager is seen as the authority figure
and those employees under that manager's supervision owe their very careers
to said manager. The state of social and economic affairs in India
is such that for an employee to give anything less than total devotion
and top performance to his or her employer is to risk termination of employment.
Replacing the majority of Indian employees is quite an easy task, as there
are so many unemployed in the poor Indian society.
Incentive / Reward System(s)
As mentioned above in brief, two main tools for motivation
are more popular than others. The first is religious ceremony.
While there is a diverse set of religious faiths in India, one common thread
seems to hold true. That thread being an individual's devotion to
a given faith. Religious ceremony serves to inspire Indians and to
remind them of their place in society and in the world as a whole.
The second tool used is that of family. By providing a special meal
for an employee's family, or perhaps a day off, an employer is able to
remind his or her employee that time with the family is there, but that
their responsibilities in the workplace are vital.
Both of these tools are reactive in nature, as opposed to proactive
incentive and reward systems common in the West cultures. Good quality
and hard work or expected of employees regardless of the extra incentive