INDIA
P.E.L.T. ENVIRONMENT
 
 
 
 
 

POLITICAL ENVIRONMENT

FORM OF GOVERNMENT
"Republic of India"
 (Federal Republic - Democracy)
POLITICAL STABILITY
 The political structure of the Republic of India is sound, but numerous militant and/or religious organizations openly protest the current regime.  While none of these activist groups have made attempts to go any further than protesting, the fact that India is now a "Nuclear State" has made the world keep aware of the political issues there.
FOREIGN POLICY
 India's foreign policy is currently shifting.  While it was neautral if not friendly to much of the world, recent military and cultural clashes with neighboring nation shave strained some international relations.  Also, the culmination of years-long research has produced a nuclear state for India, and it has recently been recognized as an international  nuclear power.
STATE COMPANIES
 The Republic of India backs several small companies in the industries of textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel refinement, transportation, construction, mining, petroleum refining and electronic development.
ROLE OF THE MILITARY
 Consuming 2.5% of the annual budget in the 2000 fiscal year (13.02 billion in U.S. $), the military supports a fully functional army, navy, air force, and various other paramilitary forces.  The military operates very similar to that of the United States, in that it is bound by law to the word of the Chief of State.  No issues in the military have been made public in recent history.  Again, the fact that India is now a known "Nuclear State" has made the military of this country much more formidable, and thus more dangerous.
LEVEL OF TERRORISM
Very low.  However, recent events in the Middle East, and those developing events between India and Pakistan may see this status change quite dramatically. 
IMPORT/EXPORT RESTRICTIONS
No significant restrictions are in place at this time.  India is, however, working closely with the United States on several environmental issues, and thus many goods from endangered species are being regulated.  Also, terrorist activity is being closely monitored, and any and all economic operations helping terrorist organizations are being seized for use in state operations against international terrorist organizations.

 

ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT

ECONOMIC SYSTEM
 Capitalism
STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT
 International financing remained strong through the 2000 fiscal year.  Growth in manufacturing slowed shortly thereafter, and trade sanctions due to nuclear testing further slowed economic groth.
ECONOMIC STABILITY
 While economic growth has slowed considerably, traditional family farming and handicrafts drive the local economies of this nation.  More than a third of the population is too poor for a healthy diet, and thus too poor to buy any good(s) to be of any real significance.
GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT
 $2.2 trillion
agriculture: 25%        industry: 24%        services: 51%
(based on 2000 estimates using U.S. dollars)
INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL STANDING
 Strong, but waning due to economic sanctions resulting from nuclear weapons testing.
MONETARY/FISCAL POLICY
 Highest 10% of population obtain 33.5% of economic income, while the lowest 10% obtain only 3.5%.
(based on 1997 estimates)
FOREIGN INVESTMENT
 $99.6 billion in debt
(based on 2000 estimates using U.S. dollar)

 

LEGAL ENVIRONMENT

LEGAL SYSTEMS
 The legal system of the Republic of India operates very similarly to that of the United States.  Judges preside over juried trials, and a Supreme Court stands as the most powerful court in the land, with the judges sitting on that high bench after being appointed by the Chief of State.
PREVAILING INTERNATIONAL LAWS
 Environmental and terrorist issues are the main focus of India's international legal focus.
PROTECTIONIST LAWS
 Protection of several endangered species, such as the Indian Elephant, as well as environmental resources such as jungles are in place.  These laws are in fact evolving, and are expected to follow those laws of the United States.
TAX LAWS
 Tax laws are relatively lax in India.  This is based on the theory of keeping taxes low in order to attract foreign business firms to the country.  While India is seen as a third-world country, and in many respects is just that, developing economic conditions continue to attract more and larger business firms.
ROLE OF CONTRACTS
Contracts are of course legally enforcable, but a person's word is considered just as legally enforcable given witnesses are there.  The need for a written contract by some business firms is seen as slightly disrespectful to some older Indian businesspeople, as they feel their word is being questioned.
PROPRIETARY PROPERTY INFORMATION
 This is a relatively new field for Indian businesses.  While it is not unheard of, it is certainly not a developed legal field, and few laws are in place to prevent little more than outright corporate espionage.

 

TECHNOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT

LEVEL OF TECHNOLOGY
 Low - Medium
The problem in denoting a technological level is that the rich have so much while the poor have so little.  Many advanced technologies are available to the few who have the money for them.  The masses, however, do not have very much technology available at all, with a full one-third of the population being fully illiterate.  The issue further compunds in that so many dialects are spoken in India, that true technological advancement throughout the entire country is slow at best, and non-existent at worst.
AVAILABILITY OF LOCAL TECHNICAL SKILLS
 Almost none.  A very small, governmentally hand-picked few Indians actually work in the large software factories.  Over one third of all citizens in India are farmers or craftsmen of some form or another.  A full one-third of their population is illiterate, furthering this issue.
NATIONAL TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
Survival of the fittest. 
APPROPRIABILITY
 Technological items are fairly easy to obtain for those with the money.  Many technological devices are manufactured in India, and their price is thus lower than in some other nations in which the items are exported to, thanks to tariffs and other trade barriers.  Those with the money are immersed in such items, whereas those without those funds do not have much knowledge of them.
TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY
 The transfer of technology takes place on the political, military and wealthy caste levels.  Those of "lower castes" have little to no knowledge of technological devices, or their relevance.  People know what a computer is, but fail to realize its uses in the world, in the workplace, or even their everyday lives.
INFRASTRUCTURE
 Almost none outside of major metropolitan areas.  Politicians, large business owners or those that provide services to those two main groups are the only ones with any significant form of technological infrastructure.
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
While environmental protection is a politically advantageous stance, in reality not much protection actually occurs.  Laws are certainly on the books with such matters, but enforcement usually gives way to profit margins. 

 
 
SOURCES
http://www.financialexpress.com/fe20011206/ed4.html
http://www.mac.doc.gov/india/faq.htm