INDIA
STAFFING, TRAINING,
EXPATRIATION & LABOR RELATIONS
 
 
 
 
 

COMPANY-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP

DIRECTION & DEVELOPMENT
Delegation of work is a perk of upper management.  In the Indian culture, it is seen as a fringe benefit of sorts.  Many, if not nearly all Indian workers, jump at the chance to prove themselves.  Work, not to mention a steady paycheck, is so valuable in India, that any chance to prove one's worth is a sought after opportunity.  Keeping this in mind, there is never a lack of volunteers to help "the boss" with his or her next big project.  The chance for an employee to forge a bright new career is always in the mind of the Indian employee, and this is never forgotten by upper management.  Whether one considers this taking advantage of lower-ranking employees, or affording them an opportunity, there is never a lack of volunteers.
FOREIGN INVESTMENT CLIMATE
The political structure of the Republic of India is sound, but numerous militant and/or religious organizations openly protest the current regime.  While none of these activist groups have made attempts to go any further than protesting, the fact that India is now a "Nuclear State" has made the world keep aware of the political issues there.  India's foreign policy is currently shifting.  While it was neautral if not friendly to much of the world, recent military and cultural clashes with neighboring nation shave strained some international relations.  Also, the culmination of years-long research has produced a nuclear state for India, and it has recently been recognized as an international  nuclear power.  

 International financing remained strong through the 2000 fiscal year.  Growth in manufacturing slowed shortly thereafter, and trade sanctions due to nuclear testing further slowed economic groth.  While economic growth has slowed considerably, traditional family farming and handicrafts drive the local economies of this nation.  More than a third of the population is too poor for a healthy diet, and thus too poor to buy any good(s) to be of any real significance.

ROLE OF WOMEN
Women in India tend to take a more traditional role of housewife.  While some Indian women are strong leaders in both the business and political arenas, the vast majority of women find their jobs in the home, caring for the children and making sure homelife stays calm and prepared for her husband.
SELECTION PROCESS
To reiterate a point made earlier, competition is the driving force behind the hard-working, loyal Indian employee base.  Without the competition for the jobs afforded those who work hard enough, or are simply lucky enough, to hold them, the Indian business culture would look quite different.  Competition drives workers to work harder, and to give up more of their time for the company.  Upper management realizes this, but they do not blatantly take advantage of the situation.  Religious issues, such as kharma, weigh heavily on the Indian mind, and treating others with respect in the workplace is an unspoken law.
STAFFING
While the literacy rate is atrocious by American standards, the separation of educated and uneducated Indians is very clear.  Attending a University is very rare for Indians, and such individuals are usually politically connected through immediate or even distant relatives.  Due to this rarity of quality employees, their work is highly sought after and very well-compensated for.
TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT
Not much time or money is devoted to training and development.  What resources are devoted to this are usually spent on those employees who have political or familial relations that force the employer to hire those rare individuals.  For the masses, very little resources are spent.  It is a very Darwinian work culture in that regard.  As it was stated by an Indian citizen, "Learn or leave."
UNION SUMMARY
0-10% of the labor force is unionized in India.

 
 
 
SOURCES 
http://www.financialexpress.com/fe20011206/ed4.html 
http://www.mac.doc.gov/india/faq.htm