JAPAN
BUSINESS ETHICS



 
 
 
 
 
 
WORK & LEISURE
In the Japanese workplace issues like sexual harassment are not recognized.  Only about 10 cases have occurred in Japanese history.  Japan has many guidelines to follow when incorporating work situations with leisure time after work.  It is very important that companies and individuals learn these guidelines before trying to do business in the Japanese culture. Many activities after work go against the Japanese beliefs for doing business and therefore interrupt their business ethics.
DIRECTION & DELEGATION
Companies in Japan tend to concentrate on managing situations by preventing conflict and crisis in the work environment.  Harmony and Conflict Management is very important in the Japanese culture.  Corporations in Japan stress the importance of situation-based communication, which are guided with strategy incentives to make sure conflict is not an issue.
LOYALTY
The Japanese are extremely loyal to their employers in hopes for lifetime employment.  Amae, mutual dependence, is a way of life in Japan.  Japanese depend on each other, as a result the country and the companies in the country are very successful nationally.
STAFFING
Many large corporations are beginning to recruit from overseas. They want to do the best thing for their company in order to improve the Japanese economy and they will hire whoever will make that happen for them.  Japanese companies are however more likely to hire a relative or close friend then someone they do not know well or have not built a relationship with.
COMPETITION
Japanese are very disciplined people and they strive for perfection.  Japan has one of the strongest economies in the world. Since they are usually behind the United States, employees strive to be even better. They are given incentives to also encourage this effort for an overall outcome of success and accomplishment.
TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT
Teachers are required to work in a certain environment or for a certain company in which they will be teaching so that they know everything about that particular industry. Therefore, the Japanese are taught first hand what to expect when entering the workforce. Also, employees are given awards or special promotions for outstanding work.  If employees do not perform according to the company's requirements or standards, then the employee is suspended and considered incompetent.
TIME
Many companies, including retail, are not open on major holidays or on weekends. Employees are encouraged to enjoy the weekend with their families and friends and prepare for work the following week.  Companies want the full attention of their employees during the week, so they give them a break on the weekends. Some stores also close on one day during the week to prepare for the rest of the week.  Employees are expected to give over 100% everyday.

SOURCES
http://www.executiveplanet.com
http://www.onlineethics.org
http://www.asahi-net.or.jp
http://www.sustainableliving.org
http://www.sal.tohoku.ac.jp
http://www.mit.edu
http://www.eoa.org
Axtell, Roger E. Do's and Taboos Around the World, 3rd Edition, The Parker Pen Company, 1993.
Deresky, Helen.International Management, Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 2000.
Miyakoda, Aya. Interview, February 2002.
Miyakoda, Tooru. Interview, February 2002.