WORK & LEISURE
In the Japanese workplace issues like sexual harassment are not
recognized. Only about 10 cases have occurred in Japanese history.
Japan has many guidelines to follow when incorporating work situations
with leisure time after work. It is very important that companies
and individuals learn these guidelines before trying to do business in
the Japanese culture. Many activities after work go against the Japanese
beliefs for doing business and therefore interrupt their business ethics.
DIRECTION & DELEGATION
Companies in Japan tend to concentrate on managing situations by
preventing conflict and crisis in the work environment. Harmony and
Conflict Management is very important in the Japanese culture. Corporations
in Japan stress the importance of situation-based communication, which
are guided with strategy incentives to make sure conflict is not an issue.
The Japanese are extremely loyal to their employers in hopes for
lifetime employment. Amae, mutual dependence, is a way of life in
Japan. Japanese depend on each other, as a result the country and
the companies in the country are very successful nationally.
Many large corporations are beginning to recruit from overseas.
They want to do the best thing for their company in order to improve the
Japanese economy and they will hire whoever will make that happen for them.
Japanese companies are however more likely to hire a relative or close
friend then someone they do not know well or have not built a relationship
Japanese are very disciplined people and they strive for perfection.
Japan has one of the strongest economies in the world. Since they are usually
behind the United States, employees strive to be even better. They are
given incentives to also encourage this effort for an overall outcome of
success and accomplishment.
TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT
Teachers are required to work in a certain environment or for a
certain company in which they will be teaching so that they know everything
about that particular industry. Therefore, the Japanese are taught first
hand what to expect when entering the workforce. Also, employees are given
awards or special promotions for outstanding work. If employees do
not perform according to the company's requirements or standards, then
the employee is suspended and considered incompetent.
Many companies, including retail, are not open on major holidays
or on weekends. Employees are encouraged to enjoy the weekend with their
families and friends and prepare for work the following week. Companies
want the full attention of their employees during the week, so they give
them a break on the weekends. Some stores also close on one day during
the week to prepare for the rest of the week. Employees are expected
to give over 100% everyday.
Axtell, Roger E. Do's and Taboos Around the World, 3rd Edition,
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Deresky, Helen.International Management, Prentice-Hall, New
Miyakoda, Aya. Interview, February 2002.
Miyakoda, Tooru. Interview, February 2002.