JAPAN
STAFFING, TRAINING,
EXPATRIATION & LABOR RELATIONS
 
 
 
 
 

COMPANY-EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP

DIRECTION & DEVELOPMENT
In the Japanese culture, conflict is not accepted. The Japanese develop situation based communication to avoid conflict and crisis. The Japanese encourage harmony and conflict management in all situations. In the work environment, the Japanese listen to their supervisors and do as they are told. They also are encouraged by these supervisors but will not act unless told to do so. The Japanese also work in groups and teams and use a leader to direct the group discussion avoiding conflict of any kind.
FOREIGN INVESTMENT CLIMATE
Foreign investment in Japan is regulated by the Foreign Exchange and Trade Control Law, whose provisions are much more liberalized than previous laws.  Japan has always been opposed to foreign investment, but recently enacted laws have relaxed that position. Many Japanese companies are beginning to see the opportunities of foreign investment.
ROLE OF WOMEN
In the past, a working married woman made her husband look like he was unable to support her (a man who loses face in Japan is looked down upon). Rapid changes are currently taking place. More than 60% of women are now working (about half of those are mothers). However, during the current economic slump, many women lost jobs in order for men to keep their jobs. Also, women are not allowed to participate in the relationship building drinking habits of the Japanese working men.
SELECTION PROCESS
Many companies in Japan select from within the company. If an upper-level management position is open, then whoever has worked for the company the longest, and that is also qualified, will move into the position. As far as selecting from outside the company, the company will usually ask the current employees to suggest someone. The management team will then meet the candidates and begin building relationships with them. When the management team has found someone who is qualified and who they feel will fit in with the company, they hire him.
STAFFING
Large Japanese Corporations are beginning to recruit from overseas, because they are beginning to see the results of Globalization and want to do what is best for the Japanese economy. But most businesses will hire someone they already know, whether he/she is a relative or a close friend. The Japanese hire their employees based on the building of relationships with the candidates. If it is someone they already know, then they know they can trust that individual.
TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT
The Japanese find education to be very important. They also portray this in their training and development of their employees. They will have all supervisors and some top executives participate in the training. Most Japanese learn certain trades while they are very young in school. Through the years this education becomes more difficult and more involved. In large companies, the Japanese will send their employees to other countries to learn the best way to do certain things.
UNION SUMMARY
21-40% of the labor force in unionized. It is common for a union to represent all workers in a company. Unions are also beginning to coordinate their activities, which has led to some lengthy strikes.

 

SOURCES
http://www.odci.gov
http://www.eoa.org
http://www.asahi-net.or.jp
http://www.onlineethics.org
Deresky, Helen. International Management. Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 2000.