JAPAN
STATISTICS
 
 
 
 
 

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND
While retaining its time-honored culture, Japan rapidly absorbed Western technology during the late 19th and 20th centuries.  After its devastating defeat in World War II, Japan recovered to become the second most powerful economy in the world and a staunch ally of the US.  While the emperor retains his throne as a symbol of national unity, actual power rests in networks of powerful politicians, bureaucrats, and business executives.  The economy experienced a major slowdown in the 1990s following three decades of unprecedented growth.

 

GEOGRAPHY

LOCATION
Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula 
AREA
total:  377,835 sq km   land:  374,744 sq km   water: 3,091 sq km 
MARITIME CLAIMS
contiguous zone:  24NM    exclusive economic zone:  200 NM    territorial sea:  12NM; between 3 NM and 12 NM in the international straits - La Perouse or Soya, Tsugaru, Osumi, and Eastern and Western Channels of the Korea or Tsushima Strait 
CLIMATE
varies from tropical in south to cool temperate in north 
TERRAIN
mostly rugged and mountainous 
NATURAL RESOURCES
negligible mineral resources, fish 
LAND USE
arable land:  11%   permanent crops:  1%  permanent pastures: 2%   forests and woodland:  67%   other:  19% (1993 est.) 

 

PEOPLE

POPULATION
126,771,662 (July 2001 est.) 
AGE STRUCTURE
0-14 years:  14.64% (male 9,510,296; female 9,043,074) 15-64 years:  67.83%(male 43,202,513; female 42,790,187) 65 years and over:  17.53% (male 9,351,340; female 12,874,252) (2001 est.) 
POPULATION GROWTH RATE
0.17% (2001 est.) 
BIRTH RATE
10.04 births/1,000 population (2001 est.) 
DEATH RATE
8.34 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.) 
NET MIGRATION RATE
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.) 
SEX RATIO
at birth:  1.05 male(s)/female   under 15 years:  1.05 male(s)/female   15-64 years:  1.01 male(s)/female   65 years and over:  0.73 male(s)/female total population:  0.96 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
LIFE EXPECTANCY (At Birth)
total population:  80.8 years   male:  77.62 years   female:  84.15 years (2001 est.) 
ETHNIC GROUPS
Japanese 99.4%, Korean 0.6% (1999) 
RELIGIONS
observe both Shinto and Buddhist 84%, other 16% (including christian 0.7%) 
LANGUAGES
 Japanese
LITERACY
definition:  age 15 and over can read and write total population:  99% (1970 est.)   male: NA% female:  NA%

 

TRANSPORTATION

RAILWAYS
total:  23,670.7 km   standard gauge:  2,893.1 km 1.435-m gauge (entirely electrified)   narrow gauge:  89.8 km 1.372-m gauge (89.8 km electrified); 20,656.8 km 1.067-m gauge (10,383.6 km electrified); 31km 0.762-m gauge (3.6 km electrified) (1994) 
HIGHWAYS
total:  1,152,207 km    paved: 863,003 km (including 6,114 km of expressways)   unpaved:  289,204 km (1997 est.) 
WATERWAYS
1,770 km approximately   note:  seagoing craft ply all coastal inland seas 
PIPELINES
crude oil 84 km; petroleum products 322 km;  natural gas 1,800 km 
PORTS & HARBORS
Akta, Amagasaki, Chiba, Hachinohe, Hakodate, Higashi-Harima, Himeji, Hiroshima, Kawasaki, Kinuura, Kobe, Kushiro, Mizushima, Moji, Nagoya, Osaka, Sakai, Sakaide, Shimizu, Tokyo, Tomakomai 
MERCHANT MARINE
total:  630 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 11,691,174 GRT/15,484,848 DWT    ships by type:  bulk 137, cargo 51, chemical tanker 15, combination bulk 22, combination ore/oil 3, container 22, liquified gas 49, passenger 9, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 194, refrigerated cargo 15, roll on/roll off 49, short-sea passenger 6, vehicle carrier 56 (2000 est.)
AIRPORTS
173 (2000 est.) ;  Airports with paved runways is 142:  Airports with unpaved runways is 31;  There are 16 heliports in Japan.

 

Sources:  Central Intelligence Agency, “The World Factbook – Japan” http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ja.html (21 Jan. 2002)