MEXICO
STATISTICS
 
 
 
 
 

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND
The site of advanced Amerindian civilizations, Mexico came under Spanish rule for 3 centuries before achieving independence early in the 19th century.  A devaluation of the peso in late 1994 threw Mexico into economic turmoil, triggering the worst recession in over half a century.  The nation continues to make impressive recovery.  Ongoing economic and social concerns include low real wages, underemployment for a large segment of the population, inequitable income distribution, and few advancement opportunities for the largely Amerindian population in the impoverished southern states.

 

GEOGRAPHY

LOCATION
Middle America, bordering the Carribean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the US and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the US 
AREA
Total: 1,972,550 sq km    Land: 1,923,040 sq km    Water: 49,510 sq km 
MARITIME CLAIMS
contiguous zone: 24 NM   continental shelf: 200NM or to the edge of the continental margin    exclusive economic zone: 200 NM   territorial sea:  12 NM 
CLIMATE
varies from tropical to desert 
TERRAIN
high, rugged mountains; low coastal plains; high plateaus; desert 
NATURAL RESOURCES
petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber 
LAND USE
 arable land: 12%     permanent crops:  1%   permanent pastures: 39%   forests and woodland: 26%   other: 22%(1993 est)

 

PEOPLE

POPULATION
101,879,171 (July 2001 est.) 
AGE STRUCTURE
0-14yrs: 33.32%(male 17,312,220;female 16,635,438) 15-64yrs:  62.28% (male 30,888,015; female 32,558,359) 65 years and over: 4.4%(male 1,997,219; female 2,487,920) (2001 est.) 
POPULATION GROWTH RATE
1.5% (2001 est.) 
BIRTH RATE
22.77 births/1,000 population (2001 est.) 
DEATH RATE
5.02 deaths/1,000 population (2001 est.) 
NET MIGRATION RATE
-2.77 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2001 est.) 
SEX RATIO
at birth:  1.05 male(s)/female  under 15 years:  1.04male(s)/female   15-64: .95 male(s)/female   65 years and over:  0.8male(s)/female   total population:  .97 male(s)/female (2001 est.)
LIFE EXPECTANCY (At Birth)
total population:  71.76yrs  male: 68.73 yrs female:  74.93 years(2001 est.) 
ETHNIC GROUPS
mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1% 
RELIGIONS
nominally Roman Catholic 89%, Protestant 6%, other 5% 
LANGUAGES
Spanish, various Mayan, Nahuati, and other regional indigenous languages 
LITERACY
definition:  age 15 and over can read and write total population:  89.6%   male: 91.8%   female: 87.4% (1995 est.) 

 

TRANSPORTATION

RAILWAYS
total:  31,048km   standard gauge:  30,958 km 1.435-m gauge (246 km electrified)   narrow gauge:  90km .914-m gauge (1998 est.) 
HIGHWAYS
total:  323,977 km   paved: 96,221 km (including 6,355 km of expressways)   unpaved:  227,756 km (1997) 
WATERWAYS
2,900 km    note: navigable rivers and coastal canals 
PIPELINES
crude oil 28,200 km; petroleum products 10,150 km; natural gas 13,254 km; petrochemical 1,400 km 
PORTS & HARBORS
Acapulco, Altamira, Coatzacoalcos, Ensenada, Guaymas, La Paz, Lazaro Cardenas, Manzanillo, Mazatlan, Progreso, Salina Cruz, Tampico, Topolobampo, Tuxpan, Veracruz 
MERCHANT MARINE
total:  43 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 590,657 GRT/920,456 DWT    ships by type:  bulk 2, cargo 1, chemical tanker 4, liquefied gas 3, petroleum tanker 28, roll on/roll off 2, short-sea passenger 3 (2000 est.) 
AIRPORTS
1,848 (2000 est.) 

 

Sources:  Central Intelligence Agency, “The World Factbook – Mexico” http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/mx.html (21 Jan. 2002)