UNITED STATES
P.E.L.T. ENVIRONMENT
 
 
 
 
 

POLITICAL ENVIRONMENT

FORM OF GOVERNMENT
Federal republic; strong democratic tradition 
POLITICAL STABILITY
Among the most stable governments in the world. 
FOREIGN POLICY
Participation in NATO and the United Nations. 
STATE COMPANIES
Limited to organizations such as the U.S. Postal Service, Nuclear Regulatory Committee, Tennessee Valley Authority etc.  The U.S. government's involvement in the ownership of businesses is much lower than most other governments who take ownership of airlines, telephone companies, etc. 
ROLE OF THE MILITARY
The U.S. military consists of the Army, Navy, and Airforce. 
LEVEL OF TERRORISM
The United States has declared war on terrorism and has called for support from the rest of the world.  Terrorism in the U.S. has increased over the past several years with the bombing of the Oklahoma City Federal Building, the initial attack on the World Trade Center, and the most recent terrorist attack on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. 
IMPORT/EXPORT RESTRICTIONS
The U.S. government may impose tariffs on imports from particular countries and may give preferential treatment to those countries who participate in similar free trade agreements. 

 

ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT

ECONOMIC SYSTEM
Free-market system 
STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT
Developed country 
ECONOMIC STABILITY
Despite the current recession, the U.S. is the most stable economy in the world. 
GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT
$9.963 trillion (2000 est.) 
INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL STANDING
Number one in the world. 
MONETARY/FISCAL POLICY
Currently the goal of the U.S. government is to "inject cash into the economy in an attempt to offset the deepening recession."
FOREIGN INVESTMENT
With few exceptions the U.S. government places no real restrictions on foreign investment.  These exceptions would include investments that can jeopardize national security.  Some states however, limit the ownership of real estate by foreign investors. 

 

LEGAL ENVIRONMENT

LEGAL SYSTEMS
Based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations. 
PREVAILING INTERNATIONAL LAWS
The United States participates in NATO and the United Nations and abides by many environmental regulations. 
PROTECTIONIST LAWS
The U.S. government does not use many protectionist practices as it wants to promote free trade.  However, it sometimes interferes with those countries who do not follow similar free trade practices. 
TAX LAWS
The federal government collects the majority of taxes from personal income taxes, followed by corporate income taxes, excise duties, and social insurance taxes.  State governments primarily collect excise taxes, income taxes, and sales taxes. 
ROLE OF CONTRACTS
Contracts in the United States are used as proof of terms and conditions in case of disputes. 
PROPRIETARY PROPERTY INFORMATION
Member of the World Intellectual Property Organization to protect proprietary property. 

 

TECHNOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT

LEVEL OF TECHNOLOGY
Among the top technologically in the world. 
AVAILABILITY OF LOCAL TECHNICAL SKILLS
The availability of technical skills in the U.S. is very high. 
NATIONAL TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS
With constant innovation in the United States, increased technical skills are needed. 
APPROPRIABILITY
Member of the World Intellectual Property Organization to protect proprietary property. 
TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY
 The transfer of technology is limited by matters of national security and proprietary rights.
INFRASTRUCTURE
Railways:  225,750 km
Highways:  6,370,031 km
Waterways:  41,009 km
Airports:  14,720 (2000 est.)
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
Agreements party to:  Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling.  Agreements signed, but not ratified:  Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, and Hazardous Wastes. 

 

Sources
CIA - World Factbook - United States
Encyclopedia Breatanica
www.eiu.com
www.rdvdnr.com
www.wipo.org